IX Международная студенческая электронная научная конференция
«Студенческий научный форум» - 2017
 
     










Корсакова Антонина Андреевна
Большое спасибо за Ваш вопрос! Действительно, в настоящее время внутри Европейского Союза возникло противоречие между двумя параллельно идущими процессами-глобализацией и регионализацией. Они оказывают огромное воздействие на экономическое развитие государств и регионов и несут последствия различного характера. По моему мнению, регионализация порождена глобализацией, но какого-либо отрицательного подтекста в ней нет. Наоборот, внутрирегиональная интеграция способствует объединению интеллектуальных и материальных ресурсов, созданию конкурентоспособных преимуществ стран для выхода на мировой рынок. На мой взгляд, в настоящее время в Европе более остро стоит проблема национального характера, поскольку многие государства дистанцируются от интеграционных проектов. Хрупкую конструкцию ЕС по-прежнему расшатывают внутренние противоречия, на урегулирование которых необходимы значительные экономические ресурсы и политическая воля. В противном случае, любое из этих противоречий может привести к необратимым последствия для всей Европы. Таким образом, в сложившихся условиях государства Европейского Союза должны проявить европейскую сплочённость, а не пытаться нарушить столь шаткое европейское единство.

АРХИВ "Студенческий научный форум"

АКТЕР, АНДРЕЙ МИРОНОВ
Сатарова И.В.
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Andrei Alexandrovich Mironov (7 March 1941, Moscow — 16 August 1987, Riga) — Soviet film and theater actor, entertainer. People's artist of the RSFSR (1980).

Andrei Mironov was born March 7, 1941 in Moscow in a maternity hospital the Grauerman name, the son of renowned artists Alexander Semenovich Menaker and Maria Vladimirovna Mironova. The child was born on March 7, however, parents indicated as date of birth 8 March. On the topic of this date parents even sang a Reprise: "Andrew — a gift to women in Women's day 8 March".

In 1948, Andrew Mironov went to the first class 170th male school in Moscow. Since the late 1940-ies in the USSR began a campaign to "fight against cosmopolitanism", sometimes had anti-Semitic, which Andrew's parents decided to change her son's surname from father's to the mother, and in the third grade, he is already gone, as Andrei Mironov. According to the memoirs of mother, in childhood, Andrei didn't have any Hobbies that at one time I collected stamps and then left. Almost every summer he vacationed with his parents in Pestovo in the rest Home. Andrew has maintained cordial relations with his half-brother Cyril Lascaris. Their favorite pastime was to portray a jazz band — Cyril played the piano and Andrew on the kitchen utensils.

The first attempt to star in a movie (in the movie "Sadko") took place in the summer of 1952. The attempt was unsuccessful — selected to play in the crowd, Andrew was rejected by Director Alexander Ptushko, who saw Andrew wearing under the costume shirt. In seventh grade, Mironov made his debut on the school stage. Andrew played the role of von Krause in the play "Russian people" by Konstantin Simonov. In ninth grade, he enrolled in the school drama Studio, and later in the Studio at the Central children's theatre. In the summer of 1958 Andrei Mironov graduated from high school and enrolled in the School named after Boris Shchukin at the Theater. Vakhtangov. In 1960, Mironov got the role in his first film — "And if it's love?" directed by Julia Reisman.

March 19, 1962 premiere of the film "And if it is love?". The film was strongly received by critics, who accused him of immorality. However, the picture was a success at the box office. In June, Andrew graduated from the Shchukin school with honors and was accepted into the troupe of the Moscow theater of satire, where he worked for 25 years. The first role on this stage, the role of Garik in the play "24 hours a day" O. Stukalova staged by A. Kryukov. In the same year Mironov receives offer to star in the Comedy "Three plus two". November 12, on the screens out the film "My little brother", quietly well received by critics. The actor played in this film the role of the athlete Jyrki. Although Mironov's candidacy has provoked criticism of the artistic Council members, including for billing, it was approved quite easily. 1963 — Mironov increasingly busy in theater productions, toured with a troupe in Gorky, Saratov, Kislovodsk. 23 December, on the birthday of Natalya Fateeva, Andrey has got acquainted with Larissa Golubkina.

From 21 August to 20 September 1964, Mironov was on location filming "Year as life" in the GDR (Potsdam, Naumburg) in the role of Friedrich Engels. May 12, 1966 in the light of a new picture with the Mironov — "Beware of the car" collected many awards at foreign film festivals. In April—may, Mironov acts as a master in two episodes of the TV show "Good evening!", served as the prototype for "Tavern "13 chairs"". Summer theater toured the Baltic. 13 may 1967 — the day of the premiere of "Intervention" L. Slavin, at the festival "Moscow theatre spring-67" Mironov was awarded the third prize for her role Celestina in this performance. August 18 premiere of the play "a Profitable post" by Alexander Ostrovsky play, where Mironov played the role of Zhadova. The show has become a significant theatrical event and raised vital questions — the hero tried to "live not by lies" but kept crashing. In November was a sell-out first solo recital artist in the House. In 1968 was held the awarding of the first prize for her role Zhadova and Celestina on review of the theatrical youth of Moscow, dedicated to the 50th anniversary of the great October Socialist revolution.

The first serious affair of the actor with Tatiana Egorova did not end with the wedding. 24 Oct 1968 Mironov and Egorova apply to the Registrar, but on 15 December wedding took place, my father Mironov had a heart attack.

4 April 1969 — the premiere of the play "Crazy day or the Marriage of Figaro", which brought together a full house. 28 April wide premiere of the film "the diamond arm", which attracted a record number of spectators — 76 million 700 thousand people. In February Mironov voiced the role of Sebastian, Lottini in a radio show So Rybasova "Salty pool" (the novel by A. Novikov-Priboy). In may came the first recording of Andrei Mironov. On the album "Music and songs from K/f "diamond hand"" the artist sings which became extremely popular song "Island of bad luck". In October Mironov starred in the drama directed by L. Heifetz "Rudin". For the role of Rudina, he received only positive feedback.

In June 1970, Mironov starred in M. Mikaelian in Alarina role in the drama "in darkness" by A. Kuprin. At the festival "Moscow theatre spring 70," he was awarded a diploma and the second prize for her role in the play Vishnevsky "a captive of time". Summer Theatre of Satire he has toured in Chelyabinsk and Magnitogorsk. Dec 27, on TV hosted the premiere of the play "in the Dark". In June 1971, Andrei Mironov celebrated its thirtieth anniversary in the House of writers.

In may, he met with actress Ekaterina and Hail June 29, making her an official offer. In September participates in the filming of the TV movie "the Kid and Carlson who lives on the roof" in the role of a thief Rulle. November 30, held a wedding Mironov and Hail.

1972 — April 28 on the screen comes the film "property of Republic", quickly gained the audience's sympathy. Critic K. Rudnitsky spoke about the role of Mironov in this film as follows: "Bold, beautiful role Mironov and played a very impressive and beautiful, quite justifying in the final of the sympathy that the Marquis is so easy and the picture won since its first appearance on the screen..." At the end of may was the tour of the theater in Bulgaria. 28 may 1973 Andrei Mironov and Ekaterina Hail a daughter, Maria. On August 10 came the film "Old men-robbers", December 29 it was shown on TV. In the same year Mironov debuted as a theater Director with the play "the Little Comedy big house".

In 1974, March 18, on the wide screen is a picture of the "Unbelievable adventures of Italians in Russia", in the cinema "Russia" held a meeting of the audience with the creative team of the film. April 29 premiere of the drama "Crazy day or the Marriage of Figaro." 16 Oct Andrei Mironov is awarded the title of honored artist of the RSFSR. In October, a few setbacks: Mironov is not a place for the role of Zhenya Lukashin in the film Eldar Ryazanov "Irony of fate or With light steam!", there was a break with Catherine Hail. In November, Mironov was with the theater on tour in Italy. In December, he began shooting at Anatoly Efros in the drama "the pages of the magazine Pechorin" (the role of I).

In 1975 television was shown a vaudeville "Straw hat", where Mironov played Vadinar. Critic A. Demidov wrote that Mironov has made this movie one of his best roles and probably the first time played Vadinar sad. At the end of the summer was touring in Kazakhstan. September 14 premiere of telespektakle "Return". Mironov in the role of Boris Viazovkin, directed by P. Reznikov. At the end of November there were concerts in Tbilisi.

In 1976, they toured in Poland and participation in International theatre festival in Warsaw. 10 December took place the premiere of performance "Woe from wit" with Mironov in the role of Chatsky. L. Fradkin notices that Mironov did not identify with Chatsky Griboyedov. A. Vislova believes that this role was a turning point for him: "merry, Cheerful and daring Mironov we will not see never, only the reflections will erupt in one, then in another role. In part this change was due to the natural transition from youth to maturity, but to a much greater degree shift in public mood..."

1977 begins with the screening of the film "12 chairs". The audience of the movie disappointed, but critic V. Kitchin writes: "it Turned out the same in the film, and it is undoubtedly — Bender. Mironov plays a set of light and colors Comedy — drama is a very talented man." In summer, the wedding took place with L. Golubkina, in late summer Mironov starred in the drama "Between heaven and earth" (the role Klimov, directed by V. Fokin). In September there was a trip to the US through the state. From 22 September to 6 October on a tour in Yugoslavia, participation in the Belgrade international festival, BITEF. 1978 — in January there was a gramophone "Sings Andrey Mironov". In November, on TV was shown, "Creative evening of Andrey Mironov in concert Studio "Ostankino"". January 1, 1979, the screens comes a new film with the participation of Mironov's "Ordinary miracle". May 4, premiere of the film "Three men in a boat not counting the dog". May 23, Mironov spoke at the Theater on Malaya Bronnaya to the play A. Efros "Continuation of don Juan" in the title role. A. Vislova writes about the play: "the New don Juan did not want to be more a victim of fate, the eternal favorite of women. He felt a terrible devastating fatigue from this imposed role..." At the end of June on tour with the theatre in Riga. August 11 — telepremera of the play "summer residents" P. Reznikova, where Mironov played summer resident. In October of the festival "Moscow theatre spring-79" Mironov was awarded second prize for Laziness Shindina role in the play "We, the undersigned". In October, toured the theater of Satire in Bulgaria, Mironov recorded in the new year program of the Bulgarian television. In November a tour in Hungary.

August 1980 Mironov spends with his wife, L. Golubkina, in the Netherlands. On 14 November he was awarded the medal "For labour valour", December 18 decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR Mironov awarded the honorary title "people's artist of the RSFSR".

1981 — at the end of may he's on tour with the theatre in Novosibirsk, with 12 to 26 June tour to Germany and participation in the international festival "theaters of the world-81" with the "Threepenny Opera" by B. Brecht.

6 March 1982 dying father, Alexander Menaker. 9 December by order of the state was stopped the shooting of the movie Alexis Herman, "My friend Ivan Lapshin", where Mironov played the role of the journalist Khanin. Begin shooting the documentary film V. Vinogradova "I'm returning Your portrait..." where Mironov busy in the role of facilitator. Before the New year came disc giant Andrei Mironov "Well, what have we not a couple?".

June—July 1983, are on tour in the US through the Soviet society for cultural relations with compatriots abroad (the company "Rodina"). The arts Council"Lenfilm" has not taken "the Blonde around the corner" — followed by reshoots and recutting, then takes the state — again, a retake and pereozvuchivat.

In March 1984, the minion goes "Old friends. Andrei Mironov. Raimonds Pauls". May 21, the screen shows "Blonde around the corner", which received negative reviews from critics (later Mironov has noticed that the film has been discredited numerous revisions and changes to the original intent). In September he published a picture of "My friend Ivan Lapshin," in which Mironov breaks away from his cinematic image, formed in previous years.

In 1985 Mironov acts in the Central house of actors named after A. Yablochkina on the presentation of the book his parents under the name "...in his repertoire". In September, Alla Surikova begins the script of the film "the Man from Boulevard des Capucines", despite the employment in the theater, Mironov agrees to the main role in this film, finding the proposed material "cute". In December, participates in recital E. Ryazanov "friends" place in the concert hall "Russia".

1986 — may 29 premiere of the radio play "the Soul of Eleonora" by A. Lunacharsky (Mironov in the role of Napoleon Malaparte, Director V. KOLBUS). From may 31 to June 10, Mironov in the composition of the cultural delegation was on the world Cup in Mexico. In August on tour with the theater in Tomsk. In autumn, the actor was invited to join the jury of the Higher League of KVN.

In 1987, June 15, Mironov played his last role (the role Clavinova) in the theater of Satire in the play "Shadows" Saltykov-Shchedrin. June 27 was the last performance in Moscow: "the Marriage of Figaro" in the Mirror of theatre "Hermitage" garden. August 13 — the last recital Mironov in Riga.

August 14, 1987, during a tour of the theater in Riga, the play "Crazy day or the Marriage of Figaro" do not play the game the last scene, Mironov lost consciousness on stage (the play took place in the building of the Riga Opera). They carried him backstage and called an ambulance. The actor was taken to the neurosurgical Department of the local hospital gaiļezers, where was diagnosed with a large brain hemorrhage. Within two days, the events were held to support the breathing and heartbeat under indirect guidance of the renowned neurosurgeon Edward Candela.

Without regaining consciousness, at 5:35 am on August 16, 1987 Andrei Mironov died on 47-m to year of life.

He was buried on 20 August 1987 at the Vagankovskoye cemetery in Moscow.

In Izhevsk there is a street A. Mironov.

The decision of the Kurgan municipal Duma from 26 may 2016 one of the new streets of the neighborhood Levashovo has the name of the actor.

In honor of A. Mironov named the asteroid (English).Russian., outdoor Karachkina L. G. and L. V. Zhuravleva at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory, 14 October 1982.

In honor of A. Mironov in 1988, the artist Rudolf Furmanov opened in Leningrad theatre "Russian enterprise" named after Andrei Mironov.

About Andrei Mironov in 1991 on the script Grigory Gorin together with Aleksei, Gabrilovich for the film-the book "John".

June 21, 1992 in Moscow, at the corner of Petrovka street and rakhmanovsky lane, in the building now occupied by the Moscow city Duma, was opened a memorial plaque in honor of Andrei Mironov.

Family and friends.

Brother — choreographer Kirill laskari (1936-2009).

First wife (1971-1976) — the actress Ekaterina Gradova G. (b. 1946).

Daughter — actress Maria Andreevna Mironova (born. 1973).

Second wife (1977) — actress Larissa Golubkina (born. 1940).

Stepdaughter — Maria Andreevna Golubkina (born. 1973).

Second cousins — Directors A. A. Belinskiy and L. I. Menaker.